Aspheric lenses are used to reduce the number of lenses in a design, simplify assembly and minimize stray light, eliminate spherical aberration, and improve resolution and system performance. They correct for spherical and off-axis aberrations. A single aspheric lens offers the same amount of spherical aberration correction that two or more spherical lenses can accomplish. Aspheric lenses, by their very nature, are without the spherical aberration that is inherent in traditional plano-convex and double-convex spherical lenses. In addition to spherical aberration correction, aspheric lenses are very powerful in correcting off-axis/ field dependent aberrations such as field curvature, astigmatism, and distortion. Because of this, complicated ten element designs can be reduced to relatively simple four or five element designs.
There are three varieties of aspheric lenses, each with its own benefit. Precision glass molded aspheric lenses are ideal for volume production requirements because of rapid production of many lenses and low tooling upkeep costs; polished aspheric lenses are ideal for prototype or low volume requirements because of short lead time, minimal special tooling and setup; and aspherized hybrid lenses are ideal for multi-spectral applications because of correction for both spherical and chromatic aberrations.